Physical Education Curriculum Implementation
P.E. is taught as an area of learning in its own right, as well as being offered through a wide range of extra-curricular clubs and opportunities. It is taught for at least two sessions per week wherever possible.
The key knowledge and skills of each topic are mapped across each year group. This ensures that children develop their knowledge of games (including basic skills), dance and gymnastics and (from KS2) athletics and outdoor and adventurous activity progressively.
The skills in these areas are also therefore developed systematically, with the programme of study for each year group building on previous learning and preparing for subsequent years. Knowledge and skills are informed and linked to enable achievement of key stage end points, as informed by the 2014 National Curriculum.
Lessons are planned to utilise cross curricular links, as well as the context of the school (including school and local grounds and access to facilities and community role models, such as sports coaches, with specialist skills). The varied curriculum is designed to enable all children to enjoy physical activity and to experience success in sport.
An extensive extra-curricular provision also provides further challenge and access to a range of physical activity. They experience positive competition and focus is also placed on developing healthy lifestyles and developing good sporting attitudes. Children learn in a safe environment and have a foundation for lifelong physical activity, leaving primary school as physically active.
Rationale for sequencing of knowledge and skills in Physical Education
The PE curriculum at Thanet is sequenced so that children develop knowledge and skills across the main concepts of: Games (including basic skills), Gymnastics, Dance, and in KS2 Athletics, Outdoor and Adventurous Activities (OAA) and Swimming. Units of learning have been chosen to build sequentially within each of these concepts.
Games (including basic skills)
In KS1 children develop a range of basic skills in movement and with a ball, which are then built on further in Year 2 by applying these into a range of small game situations using tactics and following simple rules. This initial knowledge is then built on in KS2 through the teaching of specific sports which pupils participate in.
In KS2 the teaching in games is targeted around three main areas: Invasion Games, Net/ Wall Games and Striking and Fielding Games. Again, within each of these areas, knowledge and skills progress. For example within the areas of net/wall games children develop individual racket control in Year 3 with badminton, moving to table tennis in Year 4, tennis in Year 5 and finally volleyball within Year 6, utilising their net/wall skills in a team situation.
During Year 1 children are taught to develop increased balance, control and coordination across a range of movements. This is further built on across Year 2 through the concept of sequence and traveling, linking together a range of movements, within increasing control.
As children progress into KS2 movements become more complex and children begin linking complex movements with increased precision using equipment such as springboards, vaulting horses and benches. Within gymnastic lessons children are encouraged to evaluate their own performance and that of other children using this knowledge to refine and improve performance.
The knowledge and skills progression sets out clearly which specific movements children should master and refine such as a types of jumps and rolls.
During KS1 children develop an understanding of communicating mood and feeling to a range of stimuli, such as music and stories focussing on beat and tempo. They are also taught a range of simple movements through mirroring, and call and respond teaching which they use to create their own simple routines.
In KS2 children’s performances become more complex varying tempo and energy, and developing skills such as unison and canon to develop dances with partners and groups. By the end of KS2 children are confident improvising and dancing with control and expression to create complex sequences to music.
Athletics teaching begins formally within Year 3, prior to this many introductory elements are taught with games and basic skills in KS1. All athletic teaching is centred around improving their own personal best across a range of athletic disciplines.
In Year 3 Athletics begins with a introduction into different types of running, throwing and jumping events. Over the course of each year group, teaching centres around introducing new concepts such as pacing in longer events, use of arms when sprinting and accuracy when throwing.
By the end of KS2 all pupils are able to use their knowledge of each event to analyse their own performance and suggest ways in which their times and distances could be improved.
The teaching of outdoor and adventurous activities builds progressively across KS2. This starts in Y3 with children attempting simple problems whilst working as a team to find locations. As they move through KS2 children begin to gain a better understanding of maps and use these to navigate set courses, before completing a complex orienteering challenge using compasses and maps. This often takes place through the school residential visit in an unfamiliar setting.
Swimming is an essential life skill that is prioritised across KS2 in all schools. Whilst in Year 4, pupils will attend a series of regular swimming lessons to ensure all can swim confidently and proficiently over a distance of 25 metres using a range of strokes effectively. They are also taught to perform safe rescue in a range of different water-based situations. Children who do not reach the required standard in either Y3 or Y4 will have the opportunity to attend further lessons in both Y5 and Y6 if required.